Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
Poor diet is the leading cause of mortality in the United States. 1 in nutrition science and policy now 2 a road map for addressing this national nutrition crisis. The “Food Is Medicine” solutions are win-win, promoting better well-being, lower health care costs, 3 sustainability, reduced distinctions among population groups, 4 economic competitiveness and greater national security.
Some simple, measurable improvements can be made in several health and related areas.
5 , Medicare, private insurers and hospitals should include nutrition in any electronic health record; update medical training, licensing and continuing education 6 to put an emphasis on nutrition; 7 patient prescription programs for healthy produce; and, for the sickest patients, cover home-delivered, medically tailored meals. Just the last action, for example, can 8 a net $9,000 in health care costs per patient per year.
Nutrition standards in schools, which have improved the quality of school meals by 41 percent, should be 9 ; the national Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program should be extended
10 elementary schools to middle and high schools; and school garden programs should be 11 . And the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, which supports grocery purchases for nearly one in eight Americans, should be leveraged to help 12 diet quality and health.
Government plays a(n) 13 role. The significant impacts of the food system
14 well-being, health care spending, the economy and the environment—together with mounting public and industry awareness of these issues—have 15 an opportunity for government leaders to champion real solutions.
16 with rare exceptions, the current presidential candidates are not being asked about these critical national issues. Every candidate should have a food platform, and every debate should 17 these positions. A new emphasis on the problems and promise of
18 to improve health and lower health care standards is long 19 for the presidential primary debates and should be 20 in the 2020 general election and the next administration.
|1. [A] Recessions||[B] Dangers||[C] Advances||[D] Descriptions|
|2. [A] retrieve||[B] provide||[C] compute||[D] compile|
|3. [A] greater||[B] higher||[C] shorter||[D] lower|
|4. [A] replaced||[B] lacked||[C] improved||[D] reflected|
|5. [A] In principle||[B] For example||[C] On average||[D] Above all|
|6. [A] guidelines||[B] technology||[C] discussion||[D] productivity|
|7. [A] show||[B] lend||[C] pay||[D] offer|
|8. [A] save||[B] consume||[C] afford||[D] spend|
|9. [A] adopted||[B] required||[C] applied||[D]strengthened|
|10. [A] behind||[B] beyond||[C] under||[D] towards|
|11. [A] overstated||[B] intended||[C] expanded||[D] measured|
|12. [A] improve||[B] lower||[C] consider||[D] ensure|
|13. [A] indifferent||[B] insignificant||[C] temporary||[D] crucial|
|14. [A] with||[B] in||[C] on||[D] at|
|15. [A] retained||[B] seized||[C] received||[D] created|
|16. [A] Even||[B] Yet||[C] So||[D] Still|
|17. [A] worsen||[B] reflect||[C] explore||[D] accept|
|18. [A] education||[B] comment||[C] debate||[D] nutrition|
|19. [A] delayed||[B] supported||[C] developed||[D] released|
|20. [A] unknown||[B] prominent||[C] obscure||[D] profitable|
Section I Use of English