Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A~G for each of the numbered paragraphs (41~45). There are two extra subheadings which you do not need to use. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
[A] Open the blinds
[B] Turn on the music
[C] Stretch in bed
[D] Do some exercise after breakfast
[E] Have some meditation
[F] Exercise on an empty stomach
[G] Expose yourself to sunlight regularly
Rise and Sunshine All Day
Most office workers and college students always feel frustrated in the morning when their alarm goes off at 7 o’clock. Sometimes a bad wake-up experience will ruin all-day’s happiness. The following tips will improve your energy and mood in the morning:
Try this even before you open your eyes. Lift one arm and begin by stretching each finger, then your hand, then your wrist, and then your whole arm. Move on to the other arm. Then stretch your toes, feet, ankles, and legs. Finally, end with a neck and back stretch that propels you out of bed. You’ve just limbered up your muscles and joints and enhanced blood flow throughout your body, providing a shot of oxygen to all your tissues. Take up the entire length of the bed when you stretch. According to Harvard University psychologist Amy Cuddy, this “power pose” mimics the position of a bold person, making you feel more confident all day long.
When natural light from the sunrise creeps into your bedroom, it signals your brain to slow its melatonin production and boost cortisol, both of which tell your body to wake up. A flood of sunshine isn’t just an instant morning pick-me-up: A Northwestern University study found that people exposed to moderately bright light in the morning have a significantly lower body mass index than people who get the majority of their light exposure later in the day. Therefore, open the blinds at night before you go to bed.
No matter when you do it, meditating has numerous benefits, such as fighting insomnia, reducing stress and anxiety, increasing energy levels, boosting your immune system, and providing mental clarity. Meditating in the morning helps you set a peaceful tone right off the bat so you are less likely to get sidetracked. If you’re a novice, an app such as OMG I Can Meditate can get you started.
Working out before you eat, researchers say, encourages your body to burn more fat for energy rather than relying on carbohydrates from food. In a Journal of Physiology study, participants who exercised after breakfast still gained weight (as did a control group who didn’t exercise), but those who exercised on an empty stomach did not. Moreover, research from the University of Vermont shows that the mood-enhancing benefits of a 20-minute workout can last for12 hours, a boost you’ll want to enjoy all day long.
Pick something energetic that you and others in the house enjoy and put it on while you get ready. If anyone plays an instrument, and if you have a little time, morning is the perfect time to practice, as it primes your brain for learning. One study from Johns Hopkins University found that both playing and listening to music help improve academic performance in16 different ways, including increasing focus and memory.